non-invasive technique to apply GPS collars without catching?

Dear all,

I was wondering if they were "passive" techniques to "install" GPS collar or other GPS devices on a terrestrial animal ?

Just a discussion regarding your experiences and feedbacks from test or knowledge regarding such techniques.

The main issue is to make sure that it won't injure the animal.

These GPS devices could be design to take data during a limited period of time and be released, for example could be glued or stitched into the fur and then detached later.

For example, it could be implemented to monitoring elusive invasive mammal species in order to know their distribution area and adapt regulation methods.

In addition, do you know any user-friendly cheap GPS device that could be used on a goat size animal ?

Thank you.